The book portrays the ancient Indian society divided among Suryavanshis (followers of the path of sun) and Chandravanshis (follower of the path of moon) and the up surging conflict between them due to their conflicting rather parallel philosophies.
It interestingly explains the principle of duality of the universe where two balancing forces coexist. And just like Suryavanshis and Chandravanshis, they fight with each other considering it to be an eternal war between good and evil. Of course, none is evil among the two; they simply are different from each other. From the spectacle of one side the other seems to be evil.
The story further expounds the role of Shiva, leader of Guna tribe of Mt. Kailash in destroying the evil. He comes to Meluha where he discovers his destiny much larger that the massive mountains. According to the ancient legend, he is entitled as Neelkanth (one who destroys evil and imbibes the negative energy of the world)
This book is a work of fiction. However, it fetches its concepts, certain characters and plot from the ancient Indian mythology and historical facts. Mahadev! God of Gods, Lord Shiva, who is the destroyer of evil, fierce warrior, astounding dancer (The Nataraj) and a passionate lover has a fearsome temper but a benevolent and forgiving heart. The author makes us think whether Lord Shiva is just a myth or was it possible for a man in real to possess a character so great to emerge as a godlike figure.
God lives within us. Every human who fight against evil with an honest heart can be a Mahadev, is explained by the book. Despite this, it keeps the ancient mythological figure of Mahadev untouched with the name of Lord Rudra.
If one thinks that the book is merely a work of fiction or meant for the believers of mythology and ancient Indian religion then I would say it’s wrong. It clearly demonstrates a model of a nearly perfect society. It further studies the practices, laws and conditions which lead to imbalance and then downfall of a society. It is quite relevant to the present factors which are shattering the Indian social skeleton.
It explains ‘flexibility and stability’ as the key ingredients of a successful society. Flexibility in a society allows all the members to discover their true selves and grow to their potential. And in a stable society, one can pursue his dreams without confronting the daily survival challenges.
Overall, it was a great experience reading this book. The story is an amalgamation of great love, invigorating battle scenes and values for a society which entertains and teaches at the same time.